File download coding using PHP and Mysql
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Sunday, July 07, 2013

File download coding using PHP and Mysql

File downloading code is the method of downloading a file from the database, how to download a file from the database, usually uploaded file are stored in the database and how we can download it. let see, using PHP code we going to download the file. so here we must have to know the upload coding. here i'm not showing upload code, here i just show you and explain you the downloading code only. let see it.
file download image

DOWNLOAD            LIVE DEMO

here my database field details are,

Database name --> multi
table name --> upload
column names --> id, name, type (3 columns)

the above is database structure.

DB.PHP

<?php
$conn=mysql_connect("localhost","root","") or die(mysql_error());
$db=mysql_select_db("multi",$conn);
?>


INDEX.PHP

<?php 
    include("db.php");  
    $fetc = "SELECT * FROM upload LIMIT 5";
    $result = mysql_query($fetc);
?>

<body>
<?php
while($row1=mysql_fetch_array($result))
{
    $name=$row1['name'];
    $type=$row1['type'];
    ?>
<div class="rect">
<img alt="down-icon" src="down-drop-icon.png" align="left" width="20" height="20" />
<a href="download.php?filename=<?php echo $name ;?>" >
<?php echo $name ;?></a>
</div>
<?php 
} 
?>
</body>

select * from upload table limit to show only 5 data s. and the variable $result is fetched as array in while and echo the file name. for that file name we are giving the download link, that is from download.php.

DOWNLOAD.PHP

<?php
function output_file($file, $name, $mime_type='')
{
 if(!is_readable($file)) die('File not found or inaccessible!');
 $size = filesize($file);
 $name = rawurldecode($name);
 $known_mime_types=array(
    "htm" => "text/html",
    "exe" => "application/octet-stream",
    "zip" => "application/zip",
    "doc" => "application/msword",
    "jpg" => "image/jpg",
    "php" => "text/plain",
    "xls" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
    "ppt" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint",
    "gif" => "image/gif",
    "pdf" => "application/pdf",
    "txt" => "text/plain",
    "html"=> "text/html",
    "png" => "image/png",
    "jpeg"=> "image/jpg"
 );
 
 if($mime_type==''){
     $file_extension = strtolower(substr(strrchr($file,"."),1));
     if(array_key_exists($file_extension, $known_mime_types)){
        $mime_type=$known_mime_types[$file_extension];
     } else {
        $mime_type="application/force-download";
     };
 };
 
 //turn off output buffering to decrease cpu usage
 @ob_end_clean(); 
 
 // required for IE, otherwise Content-Disposition may be ignored
 if(ini_get('zlib.output_compression'))
 ini_set('zlib.output_compression', 'Off');
 header('Content-Type: ' . $mime_type);
 header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="'.$name.'"');
 header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");
 header('Accept-Ranges: bytes');
 
 // multipart-download and download resuming support
 if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE']))
 {
    list($a, $range) = explode("=",$_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE'],2);
    list($range) = explode(",",$range,2);
    list($range, $range_end) = explode("-", $range);
    $range=intval($range);
    if(!$range_end) {
        $range_end=$size-1;
    } else {
        $range_end=intval($range_end);
    }

    $new_length = $range_end-$range+1;
    header("HTTP/1.1 206 Partial Content");
    header("Content-Length: $new_length");
    header("Content-Range: bytes $range-$range_end/$size");
 } else {
    $new_length=$size;
    header("Content-Length: ".$size);
 }
 
 /* Will output the file itself */
 $chunksize = 1*(1024*1024); //you may want to change this
 $bytes_send = 0;
 if ($file = fopen($file, 'r'))
 {
    if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_RANGE']))
    fseek($file, $range);
 
    while(!feof($file) && 
        (!connection_aborted()) && 
        ($bytes_send<$new_length)
          )
    {
        $buffer = fread($file, $chunksize);
        echo($buffer); 
        flush();
        $bytes_send += strlen($buffer);
    }
 fclose($file);
 } else
 //If no permissiion
 die('Error - can not open file.');
 //die
die();
}
//Set the time out
set_time_limit(0);

//path to the file
$file_path='files/'.$_REQUEST['filename'];


//Call the download function with file path,file name and file type
output_file($file_path, ''.$_REQUEST['filename'].'', 'text/plain');
?>

look at the highlighted part in the above coding. from the folder name files the files are already stored and we are retrieving that.

types as store in Database

    "htm" => "text/html",
    "exe" => "application/octet-stream",
    "zip" => "application/zip",
    "doc" => "application/msword",
    "jpg" => "image/jpg",
    "php" => "text/plain",
    "xls" => "application/vnd.ms-excel",
    "ppt" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint",
    "gif" => "image/gif",
    "pdf" => "application/pdf",
    "txt" => "text/plain",
    "html"=> "text/html",
    "png" => "image/png",
    "jpeg"=> "image/jpg"

if the file name is extended with above all extensions. the type stored in database must by like that the above. that is important.

enjoy with demo. meet you at next tutorial.


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5 comments:

  1. Thank you the download coding so useful my game website

    ReplyDelete
  2. $name = rawurldecode($name); pls explain this line...

    ReplyDelete
  3. Decode the url, passing with the variable name

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks! Can I Limit A Download File?

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thanks for the download coding .This is very helpful for php develops

    ReplyDelete